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Tuvalu

TUVALU

Independent Baptist Friends

TUVALU Tuvalu

Capital Vaiaku
Land Area 10 mi2

Population

  • Total 9,888
  • Density 985.0 people/mi2
  • Growth 0.433% per year
  • Children 29.19%
  • Adult 65.57%
  • Elderly 5.239%

* Statistics by Wolfram|Alpha. "Christianity" is used in the statistical sense and includes Catholics, Protestants, and true Christians.

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Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, midway between Hawaii and Australia. Its nearest neighbours are Kiribati, Nauru, Samoa and Fiji. It comprises four reef islands and five true atolls. Its population of 9,888 makes it the third-least populous sovereign state in the world, with only Vatican City & Nauru having fewer inhabitants. In terms of physical land size, at just 10 square miles, Tuvalu is the fourth smallest country in the world, larger only than the Vatican City at 0.17 square miles, Monaco at 0.75 square miles and Nauru at 8.1 square miles.

The first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesian people. In 1568 Spanish navigator Alvaro Mendaa discovered the islands during his expedition to Terra Australis. The islands came under Britain's sphere of influence in the late 19th century. The Ellice Islands were administered by Britain as part of a protectorate from 1892 to 1916 and as part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony from 1916 to 1974. In 1974, the Ellice Islanders voted for separate British dependency status as Tuvalu, separating from the Gilbert Islands which became Kiribati upon independence. Tuvalu became fully independent within the Commonwealth in 1978.


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